Pet Eye Infections

Treating Pet Eye Infections at Atlas Animal Hospital

Treating Pet Eye Infections at Atlas Animal Hospital

Animals of all types can develop eye problems, infections and injuries. At Atlas Animal Hospital we can help diagnose and cure the issue, we can help get your pet back on track with sight if infections manifest. Finding out what’s bothering your pet is our #1 concern, that is why we are the number one choice of vets in Vancouver.

Common Issues

  • Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  • Squint Look at someone or something with one or both eyes partly closed in an attempt to see more clearly or as a reaction to strong light
  • Blindness Condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or neurological factors.
  • Herpes virus Any of a group of dna viruses causing herpes and other diseases
  • Uveitis Inflammation of the uvea
Feline viral rhinotracheitis infection or herpes

Feline viral rhinotracheitis infection or herpes

Eyelid diseases

  • Ectropion (eyelid folding outward) is a common condition in pets, usually affecting the lower lid. 
  • Entropion (eyelid folding inward) is a common condition in pets. Upper lid entropion involves the eyelashes rubbing on the eye, but the lower lid usually has no eyelashes, so hair rubs on the eye. Surgical correction is used in more severe cases. 
  • Distichia (including ectopic cilia) is an eyelash that arises from an abnormal spot on the eyelid. Distichiae usually cause no symptoms because the lashes are soft, but they can irritate the eye and cause tearing, squinting, inflammation, and corneal ulcers. 
  • Chalazion is a granuloma that forms in the eyelid due to blocked secretions from the Meibomian gland. Inflammation of the eyelid may result.
  • Trichiasis in pets is hair from the eyelid growing in the wrong direction and rubbing on the eye, causing irritation. It usually occurs at the lateral upper eyelid.
Ectropion in a Cocker Spaniel

Ectropion in a Cocker Spaniel

Lens diseases

  • Cataracts are an opacity in the lens of the eye. Most cataracts in pets are caused by a genetic predisposition, but diabetes mellitus is also a common cause. The only effective treatment is surgical removal. At present, a new drug is being tested that may prevent the formation of cataracts in diabetic pets and to reverse early cataract formation.
  • Lens luxation is a displacement of the lens from its normal position. 
  • Nuclear sclerosis is a consistent finding in pets greater than seven years old. Nuclear sclerosis appears as a bilateral bluish-grey haziness at the nucleus, or center of the lens. Many people get this confused with Cataracts, and that is not the case. Many people also think the pet loses its vision, but the pets can actually see quite well.
Anterior lens luxation with cataract formation in a cat

Anterior lens luxation with cataract formation in a cat

Retinal diseases

  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a genetic disease of the retina that occurs bilaterally and is seen in certain breeds of pets. It causes progressive vision loss culminating in blindness. 
  • Retinal dysplasia is an eye disease affecting the retina of pets. It is usually a nonprogressive disease and can be caused by viral infections, drugs, vitamin A deficiency, or genetics. Retinal dysplasia is characterized by folds or rosettes (round clumps) of the retinal tissue. 
  • Sudden acquired retinal degeneration (SARD) is a disease in pets causing sudden blindness. It can occur in any breed. The cause is unknown, but possibly involves either autoimmune disease, a toxin, or Cushing’s disease. Symptoms include sudden permanent blindness, dilated pupils, and loss of the pupillary light reflex. 
  • Retinal detachment is caused in pets by genetic disorders such as retinal dysplasia by anomaly, trauma, inflammation or cancer. Reattachment may occur spontaneously or with medical or surgical therapy.
A young Airedale Terrier, suffering from a congenital retina condition and subsequent cataract formation, and totally blind by the age of six years.

A young Airedale Terrier, suffering from a congenital retina condition and subsequent cataract formation, and totally blind by the age of six years.

Corneal diseases

  • Corneal dystrophy is a condition characterized by bilateral, noninflammatory opacity of the cornea. It appears as grayish white lines, circles, or clouding of the cornea. Corneal dystrophy can also have a crystalline appearance. 
  • Corneal ulcer, or ulcerative keratitis, is an inflammatory condition of the cornea involving loss of its outer layer. They are caused by trauma, detergent burns, and infections. Other eye conditions can cause corneal ulcers, such as entropion, distichia, corneal dystrophy, and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. 
  • Pannus is a form of superficial keratitis, or inflammation of the cornea.
Large superficial corneal ulcer in a Cocker Spaniel stained with fluorescein.

Large superficial corneal ulcer in a Cocker Spaniel stained with fluorescein.